Network planning and design is an iterative process, encompassing topological design, network-synthesis, and network-realization, and is aimed at ensuring that a new telecommunications network or service meets the needs of the subscriber and operator. The process can be tailored according to each new network or service.
A traditional network planning methodology in the context of business decisions involves five layers of planning, namely:
- need assessment and resource assessment
- short-term network planning
- IT resource
- long-term and medium-term network planning
- operations and maintenance.